Professional Medicine Volume 3 issue 3


This issue consists of the articles on breast cancer followed by Probiotics, Acute Cardiac arrest, Swine Flu, and then Hypothoyroidism.

Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world and the most frequent cancer among women with an estimated 1.67 million new cancer cases diagnosed in 2012. This represents about 12% of all new cancer cases and 25% of all cancers in women. The burden of breast cancer is increasing in both developed and developing countries. The incidence rates vary across the world regions, with rates ranging from 27 per 100,000 in Middle Africa to 96 in Western Europe and Northern America. The lowest incidence were in Asia and Africa.

The normal human digestive tract contains about 400 types of good and bad bacteria that reduce the growth of harmful bacteria and promote a healthy digestive system. Maintaining the correct balance between the “good” bacteria and the “bad” bacteria is necessary for optimal health. Poor food choices, emotional stress, lack of sleep, antibiotic overuse, other drugs, and environmental influences can all shift the balance in favor of the bad bacteria and upset that balance. Probiotics are supplements or enhanced foods that contain living microorganisms that change the bacterial balance in the human body.

These Guidelines summarize and evaluate all currently available evidence on Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) with the aim of assisting physicians in selecting the best management strategies for a typical patient, suffering from AMI, taking into account the impact on outcome, as well as the risk/ benefit ratio of particular diagnostic or therapeutic means. Rapid diagnosis and early risk stratification of patients presenting with AMI are important to identify patients in whom early interventions can improve outcome.

Swine flu is caused by influenza virus. The influenza virus, an orthomyxovirus, is a single stranded RNA virus. It is capable of causing disease in humans, birds and animals.

We come across the term Hypothyroidism or low/ inactive thyroid disease quite often. It is so commonly heard of these days that each one of us knows atleast one person, if not more, amongst our family or friends suffering from it and under treatment for the same. The thyroid gland and the different disorders associated with it can be discussed in a series of articles. In this article, we discuss in brief about the thyroid gland and its functions, hypothyroidism, its signs and symptoms, treatment and care to be taken by individuals diagnosed of the disease.

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